An Access Control system is generally that can restrict and monitor the movement of people and items in and out of a designated area. It can be designed around the 3 “W”s of:

  1. WHO is allowed to enter or exit
  2. WHERE they are allowed to exit or enter, and
  3. WHEN they are allowed to enter or exit

There are 4 types of authentications:

  1. Something the user knows
    • EG: password or PIN
  2. Something the user has
    • EG: smart card.
  3. Something the user is
    • EG: fingerprint.
  4. A combination of more than one of the above

It typically consists of a lock and a reader. However, for a more comprehensive and effective system, it will usually consists of a controller and a server.

Things to consider when installing an Access Control System:

  • Scalability
  • What do you want to track
  • Overall management
  • Add/Delete card
  • Add/delete users
  • Ability Integrate with other systems



  • Offices
  • Factories
  • Schools



  • Convenience
  • Tractability
  • HR Payroll
  • Manual Control
  • Minimise manpower costs

Special Features:

  • Attendance taking / HR Payroll
  • Using NFC or mobile phones to control
  • Biometrics
  • Integrated with
    • Intercom
    • Alarm
    • CCTV